The first step of public speaking involves choosing your topic. In choosing your topic, you must consider your audience as well as yourself, considering what you and your audience find interesting. In addition, you should consider the purpose of your speech, whether it’s to inform, persuade, and entertain.
As you formulate your speech, you should also make sure that your specific purpose shines through. If you have a topic in mind but don’t know where to start in putting the speech together, it’s always a good idea to start with the body of the speech, brainstorming different points and sub points for each of those points. When you organize the points, there are a number of ways you can do so. For instance, you could organize your points topically, chronologically, spatially, to show cause, or even by problem and solution.
If you utilize sources, orally cite them during your speech to back up your points and build credibility. As far as your introduction and conclusion go, memorize them so you can have a good amount of eye contact with the audience and build a connection with them. When you present your speech, just remember to breathe, staying calm is key.